The Banking Committee, formally established in 1913, plays an integral role in managing legislation that affects the lives of many Americans. These areas of jurisdiction include, but are not limited to: banking, insurance, financial markets, securities, housing, urban development and mass transit, international trade and finance, and economic policy as well as jurisdiction over the United States’ international sanctions policy.
- Ranking Member: National Security and International Trade and Finance
- Financial Institutions and Consumer Protection
- Housing, Transportation, and Community Development
The Senate Foreign Relations Committee was established in 1816 and has been instrumental indeveloping and influencing United States foreign policy. The committee has considered, debated,and reported important treaties and legislation over the years, and it also holds jurisdiction overall diplomatic nominations. Through these powers, the committee has helped shape foreign policy of broad significance, in matters of war and peace and international relations.
- Ranking Member: Subcommittee On State Department And USAID Management, International Operations, And Bilateral International Development
- Subcommittee On Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights, And Global Women’s Issues
- Subcommittee On East Asia, The Pacific, And International Cybersecurity Policy
- Subcommittee On Near East, South Asia, Central Asia, And Counterterrorism
The Senate Appropriations Committee is the largest committee in the U.S. Senate, originating in1867. It role is defined by the U.S. Constitution, which requires “appropriations made by law” prior to the expenditure of any money from the Federal treasury. The Committee writes the legislation that allocates federal funds to the numerous government agencies, departments, and organizations on an annual basis, including spending made available for the military anddiplomacy, limited to the levels set by the Senate Budget Committee. Twelve subcommittees are tasked with drafting legislation to allocate funds to government agencies within their jurisdictions. These subcommittees are responsible for reviewing the President’s budget request,hearing testimony from government officials and other witnesses, and drafting the spending plans for the coming fiscal year.
- Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
- Energy and Water DevelopmentInterior, Environment, and Related Agencies
- Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
- State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
The Rules Committee is one of the oldest committees of the U.S. Senate, dating back to 1789. In addition to oversight of the rules and procedures of the Senate, the committee has jurisdiction over federal elections, and the management and security of the U.S. Capitol complex, which includes the Library of Congress and the Smithsonian Institutions.